The Swadeshi movement started with the partition of Bengal by the Viceroy of India, Lord Curzon, 1905 and continued up to 1911. It was the most successful of the pre-Gandhian movements. Its chief architects were Aurobindo Ghosh, Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal and Lala Lajpat Rai. Swadeshi, as a strategy, was a key focus of Mahatma Gandhi, who described it as the soul of Swaraj (self rule). Gandhi, at the time of the actual movement, remained loyal to the British Crown.
Today though the East India Company no longer exists in India, there are several foreign companies which are carrying on trade in India. After the liberalization and globalization policies of India, various foreign companies came to India to make money and in the process destroyed the domestic industries and suppliers to monopolize the market. Now these companies are making crores of rupees and sending the money back to their parent concerns or their home countries in forms of royalties or profits.
Thus the time has arrived to restart the Swadeshi and Boycott movements to protect India from these companies which are trying to weaken India’s economy.