31 march 2014 Vikram Samvat 2071
Chaitra Shukla Pratipada is the first day in the month of Chaitra, Hindi Lunar Calendar. It is the beginning of the New Year of Vikram Samvat our Vedic Hindu Calendar. This calendar is based on the movement of moon and is widely followed by a large number of priests and astrologers in India. The famous Vikram Samvat is based on the day when Vikramaditya defeated Sakas and invaded Ujjain. He called for a new era. Under his supervision astronomers formed new calendar based on luni-solar system that was very much near to accuracy, was released that is still followed in the Northern regions of India.
Vikram Samvat begins on Chaitra shukla pratipada also known as chaitra Navratri, the beginning of new year. Festivals like Navratri, Gudi padwa and Ugadi are also celebrated on this day.
Govardhan Puja, also called Annakut is celebrated as the day Krishna defeated Indra. It is the fourth day of Diwali, the Hindu festival of lights.
‘Govardhan‘, a small hillock situated at ‘Braj’, holds special significance for the Hindus. According the revered Hindu scripture ‘Vishnu Purana’, Lord Krishna once asked the people of Gokul to worship Govardhan Parvat for rain, instead of Lord Indra. Krishna told the people of Gokul that, it was the mountains and hill state bring all the rain to earth and not Lord Indra, whom people used to think, bestowed rains on earth. When people started worshipping the mountain, infuriated Indra showered heavy rains upon Gokul. To save the lives of people from the consequent flood, Krishna lifted the great Govardhan Parvat (hillock) on his little finger and offered shelter to the people of Gokul until the rains abated.