Holi: The festival of colors
The colorful festival of Holi is celebrated on Phalgun Purnima which comes in February end or early March. Holi festival has an ancient origin and celebrates the triumph of ‘good’ over ‘bad’.
The festival of Holi can be regarded as a celebration of the Colors of Unity & Brotherhood – an opportunity to forget all differences and indulge in unadulterated fun. It has traditionally been celebrated in high spirit without any distinction of cast, creed, color, race, status or sex.
Holi celebration begins with lighting up of bonfire on the Holi eve. Numerous legends & stories associated with Holi celebration makes the festival more exuberant and vivid. People rub ‘gulal‘ and ‘abeer‘ on each others’ faces and cheer up.
27th February, 2014:
Maha Shivratri, Meaning “great night of Shiva” is a Hindu festival largely celebrated in India as well as in Nepal. The day is celebrated to venerate Lord Shiva, an important deity in Hindu culture. Maha Shivratri, the night of the worship of Shiva is celebrated every year on the 13th night/14th day of the krishna paksha or waning phase of the moon in Phalgun. Along with keeping a fast, cold water and bel patra (leaves of the wood apple tree) are offered to the lingam during the day. The festival is celebrated by traditional offerings such as bathing Shiva in milk, panchamruta (milk,curd,ghee,sugar and honey ), one after the other in succession; or anointing the lingam with vermilion (kumkum), white consecrated rice and askshata, (symbols of fertility or creation), when Shiva is worshipped as the god of dissolution.
14 Feb 2014 : Magh Poornima (significance and Celebration)
Magh Purnima is the full moon day in the Hindu month of Magh (January – February). Magha, or Maghi, is month during which the famous Kumbh Mela and the annual Magh Mela takes place at Sangam in Prayag or Allahabad.
According to Brahma Vaivarta Purana, Lord Vishnu resides in the water on Ganges on this day. Hence, it is believed that even touching the holy water of Ganges on this day provides salvation. It is also believed that Lord Vishnu is most impressed when a person takes a bath in the holy rivers on this day. Even fasts, donations or charities don’t impress him as much.
11th Febrary, 2014: Bhishma Dwadashi
Bhishma Dvadasi, is observed on the 12th day in the month of Magha (January – February) during the Shukla Paksha (waxing phase of moon). Bhisma Dwadasi is also known as Magh Shukla Dwadasi. It is widely believed that Pandavas performed the last rites of Bhishma, the son of King Shantanu and Ganga in Mahabharata, on this day.
26 January: Republic Day
In India, Republic Day honours the date on which the Constitution of India came into force on 26 January 1950 replacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India.
Though India had got its freedom from the hands of the British in 15th August 1947, but there was no permanent constitution. The laws were based on the modified colonial Government of India Act 1935 and India was then a Dominion. India was then headed by King George VI, until the adoption of the Indian Constitution in 1950. On 28 August 1947, a Drafting Committee was appointed to draft a permanent constitution. This committee was headed by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar along with several other members.
भारतीय कैलेण्डर ( विक्रम संवत )
दुनिया का लगभग प्रत्येक कैलेण्डर सर्दी के बाद बसंत ऋतू से ही प्रारम्भ होता है , यहाँ तक की ईस्वी सन बाला कैलेण्डर ( जो आजकल प्रचलन में है ) वो भी मार्च से प्रारम्भ होना था . इस कलेंडर को बनाने में कोई नयी खगोलीये गणना करने के बजाये सीधे से भारतीय कैलेण्डर ( विक्रम संवत ) में से ही उठा लिया गया था . आइये जाने क्या है इस कैलेण्डर का इतिहास –
दुनिया में सबसे पहले तारो, ग्रहों, नक्षत्रो आदि को समझने का सफल प्रयास भारत में ही हुआ था, तारो , ग्रहों , नक्षत्रो , चाँद , सूरज ,…… आदि की गति को समझने के बाद भारत के महान खगोल शास्त्रीयो ने भारतीय कलेंडर ( विक्रम संवत ) तैयार किया , इसके महत्त्व को उस समय सारी दुनिया ने समझा .
Govardhan Puja, also called Annakut is celebrated as the day Krishna defeated Indra. It is the fourth day of Diwali, the Hindu festival of lights.
‘Govardhan‘, a small hillock situated at ‘Braj’, holds special significance for the Hindus. According the revered Hindu scripture ‘Vishnu Purana’, Lord Krishna once asked the people of Gokul to worship Govardhan Parvat for rain, instead of Lord Indra. Krishna told the people of Gokul that, it was the mountains and hill state bring all the rain to earth and not Lord Indra, whom people used to think, bestowed rains on earth. When people started worshipping the mountain, infuriated Indra showered heavy rains upon Gokul. To save the lives of people from the consequent flood, Krishna lifted the great Govardhan Parvat (hillock) on his little finger and offered shelter to the people of Gokul until the rains abated.